Std 3 To 8 Poems Video Collection pdf

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A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (usually the exact same sound) in the final stressed syllables and the following syllables of two or more words. Most of the time, this type of perfect rhyme is used consciously to affect the ending positions of verses in poems and songs. 

More broadly, a rhyme can also refer in various ways to other types of similar sounds near the end of two or more words. Also, the word rhyme has sometimes come to be used as a shortened term for any short poem, such as a rhyming couplet or a nursery rhyme.

The orthographic rhyme (from the original rhyme) was introduced at the beginning of the Modern English period from a learned (but perhaps etymologically incorrect) association with the Latin rhythm. The oldest spelling time survives in modern English as a rare alternative spelling; cf. 

The rhyme of the old sailor. Sometimes a distinction is also made between spellings in the study of linguistics and phonology, for which rhyme/rhyme is used to refer to the nucleus and coda of a syllable. Some prefer to spell it long to separate it from the poetic rhyme that this article covers.

In part, the rhyme seems to be enjoyed simply as a repeating pattern that is pleasant to listen to. It also serves as a powerful mnemonic device that makes memorization easy. Regular use of the tail rhyme helps to mark the ends of the lines, thus clarifying the metric structure for the listener. 

As with other poetic techniques, poets use it to satisfy their own ends; for example, William Shakespeare used to use a rhyming couplet to mark the end of a scene in a play. The word rhyme can be used in a specific and general sense. In the specific sense, two words rhyme if their final stressed vowel and all subsequent sounds are identical; two lines of poetry rhyme if your strong ending positions are full of rhyming words. 

A rhyme in the strict sense is also called a perfect rhyme. Examples are sight and flight, dignity and gain, madness and sadness, love and dove. Perfect rhymes can be classified according to the number of syllables included in the rhyme, which is dictated by the location of the final stressed syllable.

Std - 5, Poems Collection

single, also known as masculine: a rhyme in which the accent is on the final syllable of word double, also known as feminine: a rhyme in which the accent is on the penultimate syllable of the words dactylic: a rhyme in which the accent is on the penultimate syllabus.
In the general sense, general rhyme can refer to various types of phonetic similarity between words and the use of such similar-sounding words when arranging the verse. Rhymes in this general sense are classified according to the degree and form of phonetic similarity:

syllabic: a rhyme in which the last syllable of each word sounds the same but does not necessarily contain accented vowels. 

imperfect: a rhyme between a stressed syllable and an unstressed one. (wing, sweetheart)

weak: a rhyme between two sets of one or more unstressed syllables. (hammer, carpenter)

semirima: a rhyme with an extra syllable in a word. (to fold, to finish)
forced (or oblique): a rhyme with an imperfect match in sound. (green, demon; one, thumb)

assonance: matching vowels. (shake, hate) Assonance is sometimes referred to as sloping rhymes, along with consonance.

consonance: matching consonants. (rage, thieves)

half rhyme: matching final consonants. (Harry, cherry)

parahyme: all consonants match. (TIC Tac)

alliteration: matching initial consonants.

Identical rhymes are considered less than perfect in English poetry; but they are valued more in other literature, such as rime riche in French poetry.

Std - 6, Poems Collection

    Although homophones and homonyms satisfy the first condition for rhyming, that is, that the sound of the stressed vowel is the same, they do not satisfy the second: that the preceding consonant is different. As stated above, in a perfect rhyme, the last stressed vowel and all subsequent sounds are identical in both words.

    If the sound preceding the stressed vowel is also identical, the rhyme is sometimes considered inferior and not a perfect rhyme after all. An example of such a super rhyme or "more than perfect rhyme" is identical rhyme, in which not only the vowels but also the beginnings of the rhyming syllables are identical, as in gun and begin. Sharp rhymes, like bare and bear, are also identical rhymes. 

    The rhyme can extend even further back than the last stressed vowel. If it extends to the beginning of the line so that there are two lines that sound very similar or identical, it is called a holorhyme. In poetics, these would be considered identity, rather than rhyme. Eye rhymes or sight rhymes or spelling rhymes refer to similarities in spelling but not sound where final sounds are spelled identically but pronounced differently. Some examples in English are cough, bough, and love, move.

    Some of the earliest written poetry appears to contain them, but in many cases the words used were rhyming at the time of writing, and subsequent changes in pronunciation have caused the rhyme to be lost.

    Std - 8, Poems Collection

    Mental rhyme is a type of substitution rhyme similar to rhyme jargon, but is less generally coded and is “heard” only when generated in a specific verse context. For example, "this sugar is pure / and tastes very bitter." If a reader or listener thinks of the word "sweet" instead of "bitter", a mental rhyme has occurred